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Map of Red Clay Hills

This region is made up of the bulk of central and northern Mississippi. Its name comes from the red color of much of its soil and the significant number of clay deposits found here. The soil is of poor quality, therefore few plantations developed here. The original settlers developed only small farms. Eventually farming in most areas of the Hills became impractical, being replaced by raising livestock, timber cutting, and some smaller factories.

While the population of the Red Clay Hills is predominantly European American and African American, the region is also home to a number of ethnic communities, each with their own distinctive traditions. The members of the Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians are well known for their basketmaking and social dance traditions. Many immigrants from India live within the region and they share their culture through hosting events featuring Indian dance and music. The Red Clay Hills are also home to most of the state's small but growing Hispanic population.

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